Posted on 15-03-2017
韓國人的假期表上把「秋夕」的英文寫成為 Thanksgiving Day，因為秋夕在韓國是一個大節日，會一連放三天假。民眾都會利用這段日子回鄉探親。
越南人農曆八月十五過中秋節，稱爲Tết Trung Thu（節中秋。「節」為喃音，「中秋」為漢越音）。當晚，孩子們聆聽關於阿貴的傳說。越南孩子在中秋夜均要提鯉魚燈出遊玩耍，還預示長大「跳龍門」之意。
Mid-Autumn Festival, the Moon reunion, East Asia an important traditional folk festival, on August 15 of the lunar calendar. Mid-Autumn Festival is not only the Chinese, influenced by Chinese culture, the traditional Mid-Autumn Festival is Japan, Vietnam, South Korea's festival.
According to the Chinese lunar calendar, the lunar month of August for the first fall in ancient times known as the autumn, so called Mid-folk, also known as Chuseok, Mid-Autumn Festival, August half month evening, May Day, but also because it one day the moon is full circle, symbolizing reunion, also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival. Mid-term, first seen in "Zhou", "Book of Rites order", he said: "May the autumn of support aging line Mi porridge diet."
Mid legend, the story of the most famous Moon. After the Tang Dynasty, Mid-Autumn Festival became a fixed festival. Legend moon sleepwalking Yang got Colourful Plumage, folk began to prevailing custom of Mid-Autumn Festival. Generally believed, Mid-Autumn Festival has become popular in the Song Dynasty, the Ming and Qing dynasties, China's Mid-Autumn Festival has become a major traditional festivals of.
In many chant chant Mid poetry, best known as Sung Su Shi written word - "Thinking of You"?: "Comparative study of wine in the sky do not know the sky palace, Jinxi is what year I want. wind go back, but was afraid Qionglouyuyu, standing above the crowd. Dancing clear shadow, like in the world! turn Zhu Court, low-chi households, according to the sleepless. There should be no hate, to do anything for a long time round? People There are joys and sorrows, month also wanes, the matter ancient difficult wholly. Nung, moon and new moon. "
In China and Taiwan, the Lunar August 15 Mid-Autumn Festival is an important folk festival, national holiday. The general public will eat moon cake moon reunion, grapefruit, barbecue.
The mid-1980s, Taiwan began to rise in mid-autumn barbecue habits, Mid-Autumn Festival selection parks, roadside, seaside or barbecue events organized from the house balcony, roof and other places.
Korean holiday table on the "Chuseok" is written in English became Thanksgiving Day, because Chuseok in Korea is a big festival, it will put three days off in a row. People will use this day to visit relatives in their hometowns.
Vietnamese Lunar August 15 Mid-Autumn Festival, called Tết Trung Thu (Mid-Autumn Festival. "Festival" is Nan tone, "Autumn" as the Chinese and Vietnamese Tone). That night, the children listen to the legend about Aki. Vietnamese children have to mention carp in the autumn light travel to play, also indicates growing up "jump Dragon" was intended.
Japan's traditional Mid-Autumn Festival is known as 15 night, also known as the Mid-Autumn moon, the moon taro, chestnut moon. But with the Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival, when people eat moon cake is different from the full moon, when the Japanese eat glutinous rice dumplings, called "month see dumpling." Since this period coincided with the harvest of various crops, in order to express gratitude for the blessings of nature, the Japanese want to hold various celebrations. The Japanese will be the full moon, called the "month see (zu ki late)", the house will be on display to celebrate the dumpling (months see Tuan son zu ki late da san ご), Miscanthus (desu desu ki), seven grass (na na ku sa) and autumn fruits Wait.
Moon cake, Chinese holiday gifts and food. . "Moon cake" was first seen in the Southern Song Wuzi Mu "Dream Beam recorded", when the moon cake just like Ryoka cake pie as food, and later evolved into the round, meaning a better reunion. Ming Dynasty, "West Lake Chi will": "August fifteen that of the Mid-Autumn Festival, moon cake folk to phase feed, taking the meaning of reunion." Books in the Qing Dynasty has a detailed account of moon cake production methods. Qing Guang Fu namely wrote: "moon cake full dress peach meat, ice cream, cream sugar sweet puzzle."
Moon cake, a cake shaped like a full moon, the appearance of rounded, showing the meaning of reunion. Later, there are square or other shapes. Moon cake wheat flour as the outer skin, there are skin pulp, mixed couverture, pastry into three categories, a variety of fillings, taste sweet, salty, sweet and salty, spicy and so on. Sandwiches and egg yolk, Nuts, bean paste, sugar, sesame, ham, green tea, fruit. In Cantonese-style moon cake moon cake, Soviet-style moon cake, the most famous Beijing-style moon cake. In addition, desktop moon cake, ham moon cake (Yunnan), pepper onions moon cake (Jiangxi), thin crisp moon cake (Hunan), melon moon cake (Sichuan), crystal moon cake (Shaanxi), three white moon cake (Heilongjiang), seafood moon cake (Shandong), chicken moon cake (Muslim style), snowy moon cake (Hong Kong), etc., are also famous. Mid-Autumn Festival to eat moon cake, and eat dumplings Dragon Boat Festival, the Lantern Festival to eat dumplings, it is the global Chinese traditional customs.