• Bodega

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 Spanish term for ‘wine cellar’ used to describe above ground wine storage rather than below ground. 

  • Biodynamic

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 This term is used to define and describe wines and techniques used when applying the science of agricultural teachings taught by philosophe

  • Ascorbic Acid

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 An acid that is found used in stabilizing acids within grape juice, must, and wine contributing to higher properties of Vitamin C and is us

  • Antioxidants

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 Components in red wine specifically that carry polyphenols, flavonoids and non-flavonoids which can also be found in cocoa, tea, fruits, nu

  • Acetic Acid

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

      When spoilage in wine is pronounced by volatile acidity. Acetic acid is also the main component found in vinegar and is produced when acetic bacteria metabolizes alcohol or even sugar. Oxygen feeds the ba

  • Acidification

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 This is a process of when acid is added to the grape juice, must or wine to balance the overall liquid. Stabilization of tartaric acid is t

  • Body

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/27/2015  Term referring to the weightiness of a wine, derived largely from the degree of alcohol and the amount of extract. Strictly speaking, it is an element of style rather tha

  • Yield

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 A term used to describe the harvest of grapes brought in to the production of the winery. Yields are managed throughout the growing season

  • Tartaric Acid

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 The most important acid in grapes and is the principal cause for tartrates in wine.

  • Phenolic Compounds

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 A group of highly reactive compounds very important in wine as they include anthocyanins which are responsible for color, tannin and many f

  • Oxidation

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 Wine oxidizes when it incorporates oxygen and loses hydrogen ions. A limited amount of oxygen is necessary for fermentation and for the pro

  • Malic Acid

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 One of the natural acids in grapes, often contributing an apple-like note.

  • Full-Bodied

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 A sensation in the mouth when tasting wine that offers rounded fullness of flavor and feel enhancing larger perception of acids and protein

  • Dry

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 A dry wine contains no noticeable residual sugar. All wines start out as very sweet grape juice and become dry when yeast converts all of t

  • Demi-Sec

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 French for ‘semi-dry’; a grade of sweetness used in French Champagne region. This term can be somewhat misleading because it ac

  • Corked

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 A wine which displays undesirable aromas introduced by faulty corks is said to be “corked” or “corky”. The compound

  • Closed

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 A mouthfeel sensation that gives off the feeling of tightness to the wine. Breathing a wine or decanting a wine can offer oxygen to help op

  • Citric Acid

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 One of the main complex acid compounds that creates vivacity and brilliantly bright overtones in both white wine and red wine. 

  • Bordeaux

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 The most world famous region in France showcasing both elegance and power in red wines being praised and imitated worldwide.

  • Blend

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 A combination of 2 or more grape varietals to make a wine. Blended wines are historically challenging to create balance between all varying