• Carbonic Maceration

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 This refers to a method of alcoholic fermentation commonly found in wine growing regions such as Beaujolais and has been adapted by many Ne

  • Canopy Management

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 A term used to describe a vine management technique that when applied improves grape quality and involves light interception from the sun.

  • Bentonite

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 A specific type of clay found within the Western United States that when ground into a powdery form is an excellent product used for fining

  • Batonnage

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 A French term used to describe the technique of ‘stirring the lees’ in white wine production. Particularly in Chardonnays that

  • Astringency

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 Describes the sensation of mouth-drying reaction when strong tannic acid or tannin is present in wine. Not to be confused with bitterness,

  • Balthazar

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 Large format wine bottle used rarely in French district of Champagne able to hold 16 regular 750ml bottles of wine. 

  • Antioxidants

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 Components in red wine specifically that carry polyphenols, flavonoids and non-flavonoids which can also be found in cocoa, tea, fruits, nu

  • Anthocyanins

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 Pigments found in the skins of grapes holding red, purple or blue color. These components are technically termed as ‘flavonoids&rsquo

  • Acetic Acid

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 When spoilage in wine is pronounced by volatile acidity. Acetic acid is also the main component found in vinegar and is produced when aceti

  • Alte Reben

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 A German term used to describe ‘old vines’ that are aged 20 years and older which produce low yields and tend to produce higher

  • Acidification

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 This is a process of when acid is added to the grape juice, must or wine to balance the overall liquid. Stabilization of tartaric acid is t

  • Negociant

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 6/29/2015 French term for ‘Merchant’ or ‘Shipper’ that indicates a buyer who purchases wines or grapes from a number of sourc

  • Vintage

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/27/2015 The vintage is the year in which the harvest of the grapes occurred.

  • Vitis Vinifera

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/27/2015 A European or East Asian species of grape vine, the only one of 32 Vitis Species that gives uniformly good wine. The name literally me

  • Vinification

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/27/2015 All of the necessary steps by which grapes are made into wine.

  • Astringent

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/23/2015  A mouthwatering sensation associated with tannins, particularly less ripe tannins. While it is often associated with bitterness, astr

  • Vegetal

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/27/2015 Term used to describe green vegetation like qualities in wine such as grass, green bell pepper, and green spices.

  • Chaptalization

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/24/2015 The addition of sugar to grape must in order to increase the alcoholic strength of the wine. Chaptilization is named after a Frenchman name

  • Varietals

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 Wines made entirely or principally from a single grape variety showing differing components of aromas and flavors. 

  • Appellation

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 A designated region that has been organized by a governing institute to set apart unique growing conditions that are comparable for growing