• Carbonic Maceration

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 This refers to a method of alcoholic fermentation commonly found in wine growing regions such as Beaujolais and has been adapted by many Ne

  • Canopy Management

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 A term used to describe a vine management technique that when applied improves grape quality and involves light interception from the sun.

  • Bentonite

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 A specific type of clay found within the Western United States that when ground into a powdery form is an excellent product used for fining

  • Batonnage

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 A French term used to describe the technique of ‘stirring the lees’ in white wine production. Particularly in Chardonnays that

  • Astringency

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 07-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 Describes the sensation of mouth-drying reaction when strong tannic acid or tannin is present in wine. Not to be confused with bitterness,

  • Balthazar

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 Large format wine bottle used rarely in French district of Champagne able to hold 16 regular 750ml bottles of wine. 

  • Antioxidants

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 Components in red wine specifically that carry polyphenols, flavonoids and non-flavonoids which can also be found in cocoa, tea, fruits, nu

  • Anthocyanins

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 Pigments found in the skins of grapes holding red, purple or blue color. These components are technically termed as ‘flavonoids&rsquo

  • Acetic Acid

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

      When spoilage in wine is pronounced by volatile acidity. Acetic acid is also the main component found in vinegar and is produced when acetic bacteria metabolizes alcohol or even sugar. Oxygen feeds the ba

  • Alte Reben

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 A German term used to describe ‘old vines’ that are aged 20 years and older which produce low yields and tend to produce higher

  • Acidification

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 7/10/2015 This is a process of when acid is added to the grape juice, must or wine to balance the overall liquid. Stabilization of tartaric acid is t

  • Negociant

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 6/29/2015 French term for ‘Merchant’ or ‘Shipper’ that indicates a buyer who purchases wines or grapes from a number of sourc

  • Vintage

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/27/2015 The vintage is the year in which the harvest of the grapes occurred.

  • Vitis Vinifera

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/27/2015 A European or East Asian species of grape vine, the only one of 32 Vitis Species that gives uniformly good wine. The name literally me

  • Vinification

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/27/2015 All of the necessary steps by which grapes are made into wine.

  • Astringent

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/23/2015  A mouthwatering sensation associated with tannins, particularly less ripe tannins. While it is often associated with bitterness, astr

  • Vegetal

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/27/2015 Term used to describe green vegetation like qualities in wine such as grass, green bell pepper, and green spices.

  • Chaptalization

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 08-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/24/2015 The addition of sugar to grape must in order to increase the alcoholic strength of the wine. Chaptilization is named after a Frenchman name

  • Varietals

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 Wines made entirely or principally from a single grape variety showing differing components of aromas and flavors. 

  • Appellation

    Author: Zeke Quezada Date: 10-03-2017

    Author: Lamar Engel Date: 4/20/2015 A designated region that has been organized by a governing institute to set apart unique growing conditions that are comparable for growing