• A short history of wine

    Date: 21-04-2017

    The oldest evidence of winemaking comes to us from the Caucasus region and the Middle East (where the present-day countries of Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iran and Iraq intersect).

  • Red Wine Grapes and Their Personalities

    Date: 11-05-2017

    We use the terms “black grapes” and “red grapes” interchangeably. In either case, these grapes produce what is commonly termed “red” wine. Red grapes vary immensely as to the climates they prefer, the acidity they bring to the table, an

  • Vine Diseases and Pests

    Date: 11-05-2017

    We have already covered phylloxera. Phylloxera might be the worst scourge ever to hit wine grapes, but it is by no means the only one. Vines are subject to attack from pests that range from deer to birds. We cover here the major fungal vine disease, several bacterial dise

  • Viticulture

    Date: 11-05-2017

    The term “viticulture” refers to the art and science of growing grapes. Viticulture is a branch of horticulture. We use the term more specifically to refer to the agricultural production of wine grapes. Left to its own devices, a grapevine will snake it

  • What is wine?

    Date: 17-04-2017

    Wine is fermented fruit juice. Fermentation occurs when microorganisms called yeast metabolize the sugars in fruit juice, creating alcohol and flavor compounds. The yeast may occur naturally in the environment, or the winemaker might add commercially produced yeast

  • White Wine Grapes and Their Personalities

    Date: 11-05-2017

    What we call “white” wine grapes actually run from green to golden in color. We call these grapes and the wine they produce “white” for convenience. No prizes will be awarded for guessing which one we start with. a. Chardonnay: The Lady

  • Wine and Health

    Date: 25-05-2017

      Moderate consumption of wine is widely thought to be “good for you,” decreasing the risk of heart problems, strokes, diabetes and cancer. Drink more than this and, so the conventional wisdom goes, the alcohol in the wine will have deleterious eff

  • Wine Chemistry

    Date: 25-05-2017

    Oxidation Oxidation occurs when a chemical compound loses electrons. Oxidation is considered beneficial in some winemaking circumstances, but excessive exposure to oxygen under the wrong circumstances can cause a wine to spoil. Oxidation sets in as

  • Wine Environments

    Date: 11-05-2017

    a. Grapevines Need Temperate Climates Vines need long, warm periods during crucial flowering, fruit set and ripening periods After harvest, vines need to go dormant over the winter, so they can regenerate and marshal their nutrients for the next se

  • Wine Grape Species

    Date: 11-05-2017

    Like all plants, we classify grapevines according to the system of taxonomy laid out by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Grapevines belong to the order called Vitales, the family called Vitaceae and the genus Vitis. The genus Vitis has about sixty different species

  • Winemaking

    Date: 11-05-2017

    Wine is not all one thing. Winemaking processes different from grape to grape, from region to region, from high-end to low-end, certainly from style to style. To break down this complicated subject at least a little bit, we will cover winemaking by dividing it into five g

  • World Wine Regions

    Date: 25-05-2017

    North America The United States     Prohibition of alcoholic beverages was repealed in the United States in 1933, but the effects are still felt—in federal wine labeling laws, in the marketplace