• What is wine?

    Date: 19-07-2017

    Wine is fermented fruit juice. Fermentation occurs when microorganisms called yeast metabolize the sugars in fruit juice, creating alcohol and flavor compounds. The yeast may occur naturally in the environment, or the winemaker might add commercially produced yeast

  • A short history of wine

    Date: 19-07-2017

    The oldest evidence of winemaking comes to us from the Caucasus region and the Middle East (where the present-day countries of Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iran and Iraq intersect).

  • Wine Grape Species

    Date: 19-07-2017

    Like all plants, we classify grapevines according to the system of taxonomy laid out by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Grapevines belong to the order called Vitales, the family called Vitaceae and the genus Vitis. The genus Vitis has about sixty different species

  • Red Wine Grapes and Their Personalities

    Date: 19-07-2017

    We use the terms “black grapes” and “red grapes” interchangeably. In either case, these grapes produce what is commonly termed “red” wine. Red grapes vary immensely as to the climates they prefer, the acidity they bring to the table, an

  • White Wine Grapes and Their Personalities

    Date: 19-07-2017

    What we call “white” wine grapes actually run from green to golden in color. We call these grapes and the wine they produce “white” for convenience. No prizes will be awarded for guessing which one we start with. a. Chardonnay: The Lady

  • Vine Diseases and Pests

    Date: 19-07-2017

    We have already covered phylloxera. Phylloxera might be the worst scourge ever to hit wine grapes, but it is by no means the only one. Vines are subject to attack from pests that range from deer to birds. We cover here the major fungal vine disease, several bacterial dise

  • Winemaking

    Date: 19-07-2017

    Wine is not all one thing. Winemaking processes different from grape to grape, from region to region, from high-end to low-end, certainly from style to style. To break down this complicated subject at least a little bit, we will cover winemaking by dividing it into five g

  • Wine and Health

    Date: 19-07-2017

      Moderate consumption of wine is widely thought to be “good for you,” decreasing the risk of heart problems, strokes, diabetes and cancer. Drink more than this and, so the conventional wisdom goes, the alcohol in the wine will have deleterious eff

  • The Wine Regions of Italy

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Campania signifies that we are coming to the south of Italy. Centered around the great city of Naples, Campania is Italy’s most densely populated area. Campania’s wine roots pre-date Rome, stretching back to the Greek colonial period, where th

  • The Wine Regions of Italy

    Date: 17-07-2017

     Puglia is often called the heel of the Italian boot, but if we take a look we see that this large region is more fittingly called the heel and the spur. North-south oriented Puglia looks out to the Adriatic Sea on its entire eastern length and to th

  • The Wine Regions of Italy

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean, a continuous producer of wine for over 2500 years. For years known just for sweet Marsala and Moscato wines, and high volume dry wines both red and white, richly diverse Sicily is making a name for itself

  • World Wine Regions Europe Spain

    Date: 17-07-2017

    The Phoenicians—before the Greeks—brought winemaking to Spain by 1000 BC. Spain has extremely varied climates and terrains, from the arid central plateau, northeast to the sea spray of Rias Baixas in Galicia, south to the sunny climes of Andalucía. Alth

  • World Wine Regions Europe England

    Date: 17-07-2017

    The English have always taken wine quite seriously, even if they have not been able to grow many vines because of their high latitude and wet rainy climate. Global warming is helping them, however. Growers are choosing their varieties with care, opting for climate-appropr

  • Europe Hungary

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Ask most wine drinkers what they know about Hungary, and the answer will likely be two wines: Tokaji and Bull’s Blood. These two wines sit at opposite extremes of quality and price. Tokaji Aszú, from the northeast of Hungary, is the formidabl

  • World Wine Regions Europe Slovakia

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Slovakia produces its wine along most of its southern border with Austria and Hungary.  The Malokarpatská, “Lesser Carpathian” wine region, is in the west. Veltlínske Zelenéis is the most grown

  • World Wine Regions Europe Serbia and Kosovo

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Wine in Serbia goes back to Roman time, but the twentieth century saw the near total destruction of Serbia’s grapevines. First came the devastation of phylloxera, then two world wars, the post-war era of communist collectivization of agriculture in Yugoslavia, and f

  • World Wine Regions Europe Macedonia

    Date: 17-07-2017

    The geographic region called Macedonia stretches over northern Greece, part of Bulgaria, and the present-day landlocked country of Macedonia, which occupies the region’s northern third. The Republic of Macedonia is inhabited by a majority of Macedonians, who speak a

  • World Wine Regions Europe Romania

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Romania has a romance language, deep connections with France, and a wine culture that dates back to the Romans from which the country’s language, and name, derives. Although on the same latitudes as France, one cannot stretch the parallels too far. The Romanian clim

  • World Wine Regions Europe Moldova

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Moldova won its independence with the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Its people are ethnically similar to the nearby Romanians. Wine has been a significant part of Moldovan culture for many centuries. The Moldovan economy relies heavily on wine exports to a number of c

  • World Wine Regions The Middle East Lebanon

    Date: 18-07-2017

    One fortunate thing happened to Lebanon after the breakup of the Ottoman Empire with its defeat in the First World War. A League of Nations mandate gave administration of the country to France, so the influence of that wine arbiter is strong. A fifth of the Lebanese popul