• Wine Grape Species

    Date: 19-07-2017

    Like all plants, we classify grapevines according to the system of taxonomy laid out by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Grapevines belong to the order called Vitales, the family called Vitaceae and the genus Vitis. The genus Vitis has about sixty different species

  • Viticulture

    Date: 19-07-2017

    The term “viticulture” refers to the art and science of growing grapes. Viticulture is a branch of horticulture. We use the term more specifically to refer to the agricultural production of wine grapes. Left to its own devices, a grapevine will snake it

  • Wine Chemistry

    Date: 19-07-2017

    Oxidation Oxidation occurs when a chemical compound loses electrons. Oxidation is considered beneficial in some winemaking circumstances, but excessive exposure to oxygen under the wrong circumstances can cause a wine to spoil. Oxidation sets in as

  • World Wine Regions Europe Macedonia

    Date: 17-07-2017

    The geographic region called Macedonia stretches over northern Greece, part of Bulgaria, and the present-day landlocked country of Macedonia, which occupies the region’s northern third. The Republic of Macedonia is inhabited by a majority of Macedonians, who speak a

  • World Wine Regions Europe Cyprus

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Recent archaeological evidence suggests that winemaking on the island of Cyprus dates back to 3500 BC, more than 5500 years ago. A mere thousand years ago the island’s sweet wine Commandaria had a reputation second to none in Europe. Winemaking declined with the Ott

  • World Wine Regions Asia China

    Date: 18-07-2017

    Wine consumption is on the rise in China to such an extent that the market for top quality Bordeaux classed growths is going through the ceiling. Not content with buying all the imported wine they can get their hands on, the newly affluent Chinese are planting many a vine

  • The Wine Regions of France

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The map above shows the major wine producing regions of France. Note all the blank spots, where wine is not produced. We will be explaining the significance of some of these areas later on. Bordeaux

  • The Wine Regions of France The Loire Valley

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The Loire is the longest river in France. It originates in the Massif Central in the Cévennes range, flows south to north and makes an abrupt turn to the west at Orléans, flowing then toward the Atlantic Ocean. The northern region, considered one of the most

  • The Wine Regions of France Alsace

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The vineyards of Alsace, are situated on a narrow strip of land between the Vosges mountains and the Rhine River (the border with Germany). The Vosges form a rain shadow, so the region is among the driest in France. The northern section of Alsace is calle

  • The Wine Regions of France Champagne

    Date: 18-07-2017

    Champagne is the northernmost wine region of France. To produce the sparkling wine called Champagne, the maker must first create a still wine out of the juice of grapes grown in the delimited Champagne region. This region is relatively large and spread out, with different

  • The Wine Regions of France Beaujolais

    Date: 18-07-2017

    Beaujolais is administratively part of Burgundy, but its primarily red wine is made from a different type of grape: Gamay instead of Pinot Noir. There is history to this.   In 1395, Philip the Bold, powerful Duke of Burgundy, decided that the Gamay grap

  • The Wine Regions of France The Rhône Region

    Date: 18-07-2017

    They say that Burgundy and Beaujolais lie between the mustard and the onions. What this means is that the regions are situated between the cities of Dijon, world famous for its mustard, and Lyon, whose cooking is associated with onions. You will eat well whichever city yo

  • The Wine Regions of France Provence

    Date: 18-07-2017

    Provence subsisted for years on often ordinary rosé, purchased as a thirst quencher by many a tourist in this paradise under the sun. Rosé still accounts for 50% of production, but quality red and whites are now holding their own. The region

  • The Wine Regions of France Languedoc-Roussillon

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The regions called Languedoc-Roussillon in the south of France along the Mediterranean coast runs from the Spanish border east to Provence. Languedoc is the eastern/northern part of the region, Roussillon the western/southern stretch. The total region contains more than 7

  • The Wine Regions of France Southwest France

    Date: 18-07-2017

    First: Even though the Bordeaux region is in the southwest of France, when we refer to “southwestern France” we mean the southwestern part of the country excluding Bordeaux, to the east and south of that famous region. The southwest has a number of ex

  • The Wine Regions of France Those Blank Spots on the Map

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The blank spots on the map of France, circled and numbered above, require some explanation (beyond the fact that every inch of France produces some kind of interesting food).  Blank Spot 1, representing Normandy and Brittany,

  • The Wine Regions of France Savoie

    Date: 18-07-2017

    Savoie is an alpine area, attracting phalanxes of tourists in both summer and winter. Most of its crisp white wine is produced as Savoie AOC.   The high yielding Jacquere is the most prevalent of the white grapes. Altesse, called Roussette in Savoie, ma

  • The Wine Regions of France Jura

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The Jura region is quite small, a narrow strip of land sandwiched between Burgundy and Switzerland. Five grapes predominate. Three are traditional local varieties. Poulsard is a red grape used mostly in dry reds and sparkling rosés. Red Trousseau needs a lot of sun

  • South Africa

    Date: 18-07-2017

    South Africa was lost to the world of fine wine for many years. For most of the twentieth century, grape production centered around the country’s brandy industry. By the time this system was ready to change, South Africa’s path to the world wine market was cla

  • Mexico

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The making of wine in Mexico dates back nearly five centuries to Hernando Cortés, the first conquistador. If Spain’s mission in the New World was to Christianize the natives and spread the faith, it needed sacramental wine. The wine, of cours