• Wine Environments

    Date: 19-07-2017

    a. Grapevines Need Temperate Climates Vines need long, warm periods during crucial flowering, fruit set and ripening periods After harvest, vines need to go dormant over the winter, so they can regenerate and marshal their nutrients for the next se

  • Winemaking

    Date: 19-07-2017

    Wine is not all one thing. Winemaking processes different from grape to grape, from region to region, from high-end to low-end, certainly from style to style. To break down this complicated subject at least a little bit, we will cover winemaking by dividing it into five g

  • Wine Chemistry

    Date: 19-07-2017

    Oxidation Oxidation occurs when a chemical compound loses electrons. Oxidation is considered beneficial in some winemaking circumstances, but excessive exposure to oxygen under the wrong circumstances can cause a wine to spoil. Oxidation sets in as

  • World Wine Regions Europe Luxembourg

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Wine has been produced in Luxembourg continuously since Roman times. Luxembourg wine production is centered in the country’s southeast, where it is largely in the hands of cooperatives who sell the wine under the name of "Vinsmoselle". The cooperatives operate a spa

  • World Wine Regions Europe Macedonia

    Date: 17-07-2017

    The geographic region called Macedonia stretches over northern Greece, part of Bulgaria, and the present-day landlocked country of Macedonia, which occupies the region’s northern third. The Republic of Macedonia is inhabited by a majority of Macedonians, who speak a

  • World Wine Regions Europe Romania

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Romania has a romance language, deep connections with France, and a wine culture that dates back to the Romans from which the country’s language, and name, derives. Although on the same latitudes as France, one cannot stretch the parallels too far. The Romanian clim

  • World Wine Regions Europe Moldova

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Moldova won its independence with the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Its people are ethnically similar to the nearby Romanians. Wine has been a significant part of Moldovan culture for many centuries. The Moldovan economy relies heavily on wine exports to a number of c

  • World Wine Regions The Middle East Lebanon

    Date: 18-07-2017

    One fortunate thing happened to Lebanon after the breakup of the Ottoman Empire with its defeat in the First World War. A League of Nations mandate gave administration of the country to France, so the influence of that wine arbiter is strong. A fifth of the Lebanese popul

  • World Wine Regions The Middle East Israel

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The wines of the Bible, if they survived the expulsion of the Jews from Israel at all, did not survive the Arab conquest of the seventh century. In the late 19th century Jewish French Baron Edmond de Rothschild, owner Château Lafite-Rothschild, began importing Frenc

  • The Wine Regions of France Champagne

    Date: 18-07-2017

    Champagne is the northernmost wine region of France. To produce the sparkling wine called Champagne, the maker must first create a still wine out of the juice of grapes grown in the delimited Champagne region. This region is relatively large and spread out, with different

  • Piemonte (Piedmont)

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The name Piemonte derives from Medieval Latin ad pedem montium, meaning “at the foot of the mountains.” The reference is to the region’s location at the foot of the Alps. Located in northwest Italy, Piemonte borders both Switzerland and France.

  • The Wine Regions of France Those Blank Spots on the Map

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The blank spots on the map of France, circled and numbered above, require some explanation (beyond the fact that every inch of France produces some kind of interesting food).  Blank Spot 1, representing Normandy and Brittany,

  • Mexico

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The making of wine in Mexico dates back nearly five centuries to Hernando Cortés, the first conquistador. If Spain’s mission in the New World was to Christianize the natives and spread the faith, it needed sacramental wine. The wine, of cours

  • Sonoma County

    Date: 18-07-2017

    Sonoma is a patchwork quilt of wine appellations, several of which overlap. Visually, the lines formed by Sonoma’s AVA boundaries push down from the northwest to the southeast. We need to draw another important line that challenges this up/down statement, penciling