• What is wine?

    Date: 19-07-2017

    Wine is fermented fruit juice. Fermentation occurs when microorganisms called yeast metabolize the sugars in fruit juice, creating alcohol and flavor compounds. The yeast may occur naturally in the environment, or the winemaker might add commercially produced yeast

  • A short history of wine

    Date: 19-07-2017

    The oldest evidence of winemaking comes to us from the Caucasus region and the Middle East (where the present-day countries of Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iran and Iraq intersect).

  • Red Wine Grapes and Their Personalities

    Date: 19-07-2017

    We use the terms “black grapes” and “red grapes” interchangeably. In either case, these grapes produce what is commonly termed “red” wine. Red grapes vary immensely as to the climates they prefer, the acidity they bring to the table, an

  • White Wine Grapes and Their Personalities

    Date: 19-07-2017

    What we call “white” wine grapes actually run from green to golden in color. We call these grapes and the wine they produce “white” for convenience. No prizes will be awarded for guessing which one we start with. a. Chardonnay: The Lady

  • Wine Environments

    Date: 19-07-2017

    a. Grapevines Need Temperate Climates Vines need long, warm periods during crucial flowering, fruit set and ripening periods After harvest, vines need to go dormant over the winter, so they can regenerate and marshal their nutrients for the next se

  • Vine Diseases and Pests

    Date: 19-07-2017

    We have already covered phylloxera. Phylloxera might be the worst scourge ever to hit wine grapes, but it is by no means the only one. Vines are subject to attack from pests that range from deer to birds. We cover here the major fungal vine disease, several bacterial dise

  • Viticulture

    Date: 19-07-2017

    The term “viticulture” refers to the art and science of growing grapes. Viticulture is a branch of horticulture. We use the term more specifically to refer to the agricultural production of wine grapes. Left to its own devices, a grapevine will snake it

  • Wine Chemistry

    Date: 19-07-2017

    Oxidation Oxidation occurs when a chemical compound loses electrons. Oxidation is considered beneficial in some winemaking circumstances, but excessive exposure to oxygen under the wrong circumstances can cause a wine to spoil. Oxidation sets in as

  • Wine and Health

    Date: 19-07-2017

      Moderate consumption of wine is widely thought to be “good for you,” decreasing the risk of heart problems, strokes, diabetes and cancer. Drink more than this and, so the conventional wisdom goes, the alcohol in the wine will have deleterious eff

  • The Wine Regions of Italy

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Campania signifies that we are coming to the south of Italy. Centered around the great city of Naples, Campania is Italy’s most densely populated area. Campania’s wine roots pre-date Rome, stretching back to the Greek colonial period, where th

  • The Wine Regions of Italy

    Date: 17-07-2017

     Puglia is often called the heel of the Italian boot, but if we take a look we see that this large region is more fittingly called the heel and the spur. North-south oriented Puglia looks out to the Adriatic Sea on its entire eastern length and to th

  • The Wine Regions of Italy

    Date: 17-07-2017

    Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean, a continuous producer of wine for over 2500 years. For years known just for sweet Marsala and Moscato wines, and high volume dry wines both red and white, richly diverse Sicily is making a name for itself

  • World Wine Regions The Middle East Lebanon

    Date: 18-07-2017

    One fortunate thing happened to Lebanon after the breakup of the Ottoman Empire with its defeat in the First World War. A League of Nations mandate gave administration of the country to France, so the influence of that wine arbiter is strong. A fifth of the Lebanese popul

  • World Wine Regions The Middle East Israel

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The wines of the Bible, if they survived the expulsion of the Jews from Israel at all, did not survive the Arab conquest of the seventh century. In the late 19th century Jewish French Baron Edmond de Rothschild, owner Château Lafite-Rothschild, began importing Frenc

  • The Wine Regions of Italy

    Date: 18-07-2017

    Umbria is Italy’s only region that does not border either a foreign country or a sea. This is the heart of Italy, a country of rolling hills among craggier heights. Long a second fiddle to the vinous magnificence of its Tuscan neighbor to the west, Umbria has in rec

  • The Wine Regions of Italy

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The map of Tuscany might seem a little daunting at first, but it becomes simpler if you consider than the vast majority of the colored spaces on the map grow some form of Sangiovese. The big three Sangiovese wines are Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino and V

  • The Wine Regions of France

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The map above shows the major wine producing regions of France. Note all the blank spots, where wine is not produced. We will be explaining the significance of some of these areas later on. Bordeaux

  • The Wine Regions of Italy

    Date: 18-07-2017

    Friuli-Venezia Giulia encompasses the far north-eastern corner of Italy bordering Austria on the north, Slovenia to the east, the Veneto to the west and the Gulf of Trieste to the south. The north of the region is alpine, the south more Mediterranean, but

  • The Wine Regions of France The Loire Valley

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The Loire is the longest river in France. It originates in the Massif Central in the Cévennes range, flows south to north and makes an abrupt turn to the west at Orléans, flowing then toward the Atlantic Ocean. The northern region, considered one of the most

  • The Wine Regions of Italy

    Date: 18-07-2017

    The Veneto in Italy’s northeast produces more wine than any other region, and a great deal of it is DOC and DOCG wine. Its most important wine is Valpolicella (the land of many cellars), which itself breaks down into a fine hierarch