• What is wine?

    Date: 17-04-2017

    Wine is fermented fruit juice. Fermentation occurs when microorganisms called yeast metabolize the sugars in fruit juice, creating alcohol and flavor compounds. The yeast may occur naturally in the environment, or the winemaker might add commercially produced yeast

  • Wine Grape Species

    Date: 11-05-2017

    Like all plants, we classify grapevines according to the system of taxonomy laid out by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Grapevines belong to the order called Vitales, the family called Vitaceae and the genus Vitis. The genus Vitis has about sixty different species

  • White Wine Grapes and Their Personalities

    Date: 11-05-2017

    What we call “white” wine grapes actually run from green to golden in color. We call these grapes and the wine they produce “white” for convenience. No prizes will be awarded for guessing which one we start with. a. Chardonnay: The Lady

  • Wine Environments

    Date: 11-05-2017

    a. Grapevines Need Temperate Climates Vines need long, warm periods during crucial flowering, fruit set and ripening periods After harvest, vines need to go dormant over the winter, so they can regenerate and marshal their nutrients for the next se

  • Winemaking

    Date: 11-05-2017

    Wine is not all one thing. Winemaking processes different from grape to grape, from region to region, from high-end to low-end, certainly from style to style. To break down this complicated subject at least a little bit, we will cover winemaking by dividing it into five g

  • Wine Chemistry

    Date: 25-05-2017

    Oxidation Oxidation occurs when a chemical compound loses electrons. Oxidation is considered beneficial in some winemaking circumstances, but excessive exposure to oxygen under the wrong circumstances can cause a wine to spoil. Oxidation sets in as

  • Wine and Health

    Date: 25-05-2017

      Moderate consumption of wine is widely thought to be “good for you,” decreasing the risk of heart problems, strokes, diabetes and cancer. Drink more than this and, so the conventional wisdom goes, the alcohol in the wine will have deleterious eff

  • World Wine Regions

    Date: 25-05-2017

    North America The United States     Prohibition of alcoholic beverages was repealed in the United States in 1933, but the effects are still felt—in federal wine labeling laws, in the marketplace